吉川経幹展 後期 2018/9/22～12/24
INTRODUCTION TO THE EXHIBITION
This year the exhibition of Tsunemasa KIKKAWA is held to commemorate the 150 anniversary of the Meiji Restoration. The exhibition is consisting of two terms.The first term was the period from the birth of him to the First Choshu Expedition in 1864.This time, as the later term, related materials of the period from the Second Conquest of Choshu in 1866 to the Meiji Restoration in 1868 are exhibited.
Tunemasa KIKKAWA succeeded the family and became the feudal lord of the Iwakuni domain at his young age. He lived through political confusion occurred from the end of the Edo period through the Meiji Restoration.At the First Choshu Expedition, Tsunemasa made efforts to avoid the war. After that, when the order of the Second Choshu Conquest was issued, he complied with the Choshu domain’s policy of submission to the Tokugawa bakufu while keeping military preparation, and endeavored to defend the prefectural boundary. Then, in June 1868, Iwakuni had been officially granted as a Daimyo (a feudal lord) rank. However, Tunemasa already passed away in March 1867.
The successor, Tsunetake who was the heir of Tsunemasa, became the prefectural governor of the Iwakuni domain. Two years after, the KIKKAWA family has moved to Tokyo because of the Meiji government’s policy of abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures. Meanwhile, he located a field office in Iwakuni and managed his real estate and other properties through it. During his whole life, he also supported educational work and disaster recovery in his hometown Iwakuni.
Chokichi KIKKAWA, Taketune’s younger brother, joined the Iwkura Mission to visit the United States and Europe when he was 13 years old. The mission was dispatched in 1871. After that he had stayed in the States for study and graduated from Harvard University. After returning to Japan, he entered the diplomatic service and then became a Lord of Parliament. He set up a branch family and supported the KIKKAWA family.
The permanent exhibition: A national treasure “Kitsunegasaki-no-tachi (sword)”
Terms of the exhibition: Oct. 1st Nov. 30, 2018
吉川経幹展 前期 2018/6/30～9/17
INTRODUCTIOON TO THE EXHIBITION
It was the Kikkawa family that substantially governed Iwakuni for a long time. However, the family was officially recognized as the Joshu-kaku (feudal lord rank) in June 1867 at length. This was the result of efforts by Takachika MORI who was a feudal lord of the Choshu domain. Takachika asked cooperation of Tsunemasa KIKKAWA to use good offices to contribute to the national affairs. At the same time Takachika made promise promotion of feudal lords, and it was realized.
Tunemasa was born in 1829 in a samurai residence called Sencho-yakata located in Yokoyama area. He succeeded the family estate in 1844, then initiated to establish a clan school “Yoro-kan” for human resources development. Four years later, the school was opened. After that, he cooperated to the commitment to the national affairs by the Choshu feudal clan, and exerted himself to avoid war at the first Choshu expedition. Two years later, he made efforts to build up defenses at Geishu-kuchi during the second Choshu expedition (Shikyo-no-eki). “Geishu” is an old name of Hiroshima prefecture and “kuchi” means an entrance.